The term functionalism has come to describe an eclectic mix of social theory and methodological approaches to culture.In many ways, it is a useful and fruitful term to describe a variety of approaches that share a common theme: the notion that culture is constructed through the interactions of individuals and their communities, and that the individual's contribution to culture is a form of knowled...
article Stanford sociologist Steven J. Cohen and the Stanford Institute for Social Research are on the hunt for hidden class problems in the educational system, and they’ve found them.
Cohen and his co-authors report that the hidden class is a complex phenomenon that can be traced to “the rise of neoliberalism, the financialization of the American economy, and the rise of public education.”
They point to the “disconnect between the expectations and skills of the disadvantaged and the ability of the advantaged to earn enough to cover the costs of educating their children,” the study’s title reads.
“The gap between the poor and the rich is a social and political issue of enormous significance.”
In a new study, Cohen and his colleagues also argue that the rise in the private sector’s demand for education has created an underclass, an “underclass of workers” who “are poorly educated and not well paid.”
The study, published in the Journal of Economic Perspectives, found that the “economic and social consequences of underclass conditions” were not adequately reflected in the national education landscape.
The hidden class in education is an important issue for Cohen and others because it can explain many of the problems faced by the public schools.
In his article, Cohen notes that students are in the majority in many states, and many of them are working class and are often students of color.
“This creates a crisis of under-representation of people of color in higher education, in which they are disproportionately underrepresented,” Cohen wrote.
The Hidden Class is a Problem in Education”It is also important to note that the underclass is not an exclusively white group, as many would think.
Many people of other races and ethnicities are also underrepresented in higher ed,” Cohen said.”
The vast majority of the under-represented under-classes are in other categories than students of colour, and this is something that needs to be addressed.”
Cohen’s findings have some experts concerned.
“It’s not only about under-performing students, but about underperforming schools, too,” said Andrew Sullivan, a professor of education at Stanford and a former adviser to former President Barack Obama.
“We have to rethink the relationship between public schools and the underclasses,” he added.
“I think it’s the right thing to do to make sure that we have an equitable distribution of resources,” said Sullivan, who has written extensively about underrepresented underrepresented groups in the education system.
While Cohen and other scholars believe that under-performance in schools can be attributed to “a lack of understanding of the skills needed for effective education,” Sullivan said, there is another explanation for the underperforming students: “The problem with schools is that there are too many teachers.”
In the Stanford study, the researchers found that “the vast majority” of students who were not able to afford the full cost of attending a public school had either a low or no academic achievement.
“There’s a huge disconnect between what we think are the expectations of the kids in a school and the actual outcomes,” Cohen told ABC News.
“I don’t think there is a school in America that is perfectly serving all the kids.”
Coan’s study, “The Hidden Classes in Education,” is an attempt to find out how many of those students were actually underperforming and why.
He and his team interviewed students, parents, teachers, and administrators.
They found that most under-performers had poor test scores.
They were also at a greater risk of having a mental health issue.
“A lot of the data that we’ve looked at suggests that if you’re low-income and you have a disability, you’re at greater risk to get a mental illness,” Cohen explained.
The study also found that many under-resourced schools had a lower number of students with the “high-needs” sub-group of students.
These students often have low achievement and mental health issues, according to the study.
“These are the kids who need the most help, who are really struggling, and who need to be getting the support that’s available,” Cohen added.
He noted that the study also looked at the number of underperforming public school students.
The underperforming kids “were concentrated in certain school systems, which may be why we found that they tended to have the highest number of those high-needs students,” he said.
The number of low-needs schools was not directly linked to the underperformance in public schools, but it does have an effect on how schools are staffed and how students are taught, said Sullivan.
“It’s hard to explain away the underrepresentation,” he explained.
Sullivan noted that many states are looking to cut back on funding for schools in the coming years.
“We think that public schools need more investment,” he stated.
“If we want to be sustainable, we need to find ways to be effective.”
The Hidden class has also been a concern for many conservatives in recent years. During